About the AU
The African Union (AU)
The African Union (AU) is an international organization established on May 26, 2001 and launched on July 9, 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African Unity (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commitment to democratic principles. With its headquarters at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, there are 54 member nations in the AU (The Kingdom of Morocco is not a member of the African Union, but the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic is a member). The organs of the African Union include the Assembly of Heads of State and Government (the principal organ), the Executive Council, the PanAfrican Parliament, the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, the AU Commission (its secretariat), the Permanent Representatives Committee, the Specialized Technical Committees, Economic Social and Cultural Council, the African Central Bank, African Monetary Fund, and other organs and agencies.
The objectives of the AU are: 1. To achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the people of Africa. 2. To defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its member states. 3. To accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent. 4. To promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples. 5. To encourage international cooperation, taking due account of the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 6. To promote peace, security, and stability on the continent. 7. To promote democratic principles and institutions, popular participation and good governance. 8. To promote and protect human and peoples’ rights in accordance with the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and other relevant human rights instruments. 9. To establish the necessary conditions which enable the continent to play its rightful role in the global economy and in international negotiations. 10. To promote sustainable development at the economic, social and cultural levels as well as the integration of African economies. 11. To promote co-operation in all fields of human activity to raise the living standards of African peoples. 12. To coordinate and harmonise the policies between the existing and future Regional Economic Communities for the gradual attainment of the objectives of the Union. 13. To advance the development of the continent by promoting research in all fields, in particular in science and technology. 14. To work with relevant international partners in the eradication of preventable diseases and the promotion of good health on the continent.